Friday, 31 July 2020

European Outlook # 62 August 2020

The Yellow Peril

Boris Johnson's sudden hostility to China has got little to do with Hong Kong, it's just another example of our slavish support for American foreign policy. Donald Trump has started a trade war with China to boost his election chances. Nobody seriously challenges China's right to administer Hong Kong. The fact that the city was once a British colony is neither here nor there. Half of the world was part of the British Empire but we don't interfere in India or Africa because we once ruled over them.

China is accused of human right abuses but so are many of our trade partners, including Israel, and Saudi Arabia. We manage to live with the occupation of Palestine and the bombing of Yemen but we are worried about Hong Kong.

Huawei was set to provide the UK with 5G technology at a price that would have given us an advantage over our competitors. But Boris Johnson has used a combination of 'Yellow Peril' racism and paranoia to scupper the deal. 

Chinese companies are building nuclear power stations for us but we are worried about their smartphones. The Huawei decision is a blatant case of American trade domination; they want to sell their technology to a captive market and their lickspittles in the UK are supporting them.

And this is the government that promised the punters that they would "take back control" of our economy.

We should be building our own power stations and 5G systems, but we have not invested in technology to the same extent as China. Our economy is not as big as theirs and we have not been able to keep up, If we make a serious effort to train our own scientists we will be able to compete with China in the future. But in the meantime, there's nothing wrong with buying their technology. 

The security angle is a red herring. China has got satellites circling the globe to spy on the West. They have also got thousands of Chinese takeaways reporting back to Beijing. They don't need our phones to help them.

All Lives Matter

The liberals peach White Guilt as firmly as the Catholic Church preaches Original Sin. We are supposed to feel guilty for having had an empire. But when the British Empire was at its peak my grandmother went to school in Bermondsey with no shoes on her feet. The upper class made lots of money by exploiting black and brown people but the working class were as poor and hungry as any coolie. We have absolutely no reason to feel guilty and it's time that we stopped.

Slavery was awful but it was not exclusively a white man's business. Europeans bought slaves in Africa from Arab slave traders who bought them from black Africans. They were shipped across the Atlantic to work as field labourers, picking cotton or cutting sugar cane. Their lives were miserable but no worst than the poor whites in Europe who worked under terrible conditions in mines and factories.

We didn't have many black slaves in the UK because they had to be fed and housed but poor whites worked for tokens and fended for themselves. We like to think that slavery was abolished out of Christian charity but it was really because it was cheaper to employ poor whites.

The killing of unarmed suspects by the police must be stopped, but the 'Black Lives Matter' movement is wrong to concentrate on black deaths. All lives matter, black and white.


People with parents of different colours used to be called 'half-castes' but that term has been replaced by 'mixed race'. We used to say they had 'a touch of the tar brush', but that nautical phrase is no longer heard. The way we used to talk was insensitive but the current obsession with race is just as bad. 

Some of the new rules are confusing. One can say 'people of colour' but not 'coloured people'. 'Nigger' has always been offensive but it's used by some black people, particularly rappers.

The various names that we used to call gays; 'Nancy Boys', 'Poofs' and 'Queers' are no longer acceptable, but one of their favourite pubs 'The Royal Vauxhall Tavern' is still known to the locals as 'The Shirt Lifters' Arms.  

The latest minority group to be celebrated are transsexuals. They are a tiny minority in any country but their cause has been taken up by the usual suspects. Enthusiastic social workers with warped minds are asking little children if they are happy being boys and girls. The sex change operation was popularly known as a 'strapadictomy' when it involved women wanting to become men, but nowadays we call it 'gender reassignment'.

The best way to tell if words are kosher is to read the newspapers and watch TV. The BBC strictly enforces a policy of word censorship. They no longer make their newscasters wear dinner jackets but they insist on political correctness. MacDonald Hobley (pictured) used to grace our screens with sartorial elegance in the Sixties but today's newscasters are a different breed.

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Who is Responsible?

Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Home Secretary Priti Patel make all the right noises when it comes to law and order. They say that violent protestors will be prosecuted, but the police are committed to a liberal agenda. They stand and watch while criminals equipped with ropes and tools bring down statues and desecrate war memorials.

High-ranking police officers dripping with gold braid appear on our television screens to congratulate themselves. Far from apologising for their performance, they praise those officers who 'took the knee'; a political gesture that should not be allowed in a non-political police force. 

The police do a dangerous and thankless job but they do themselves no favours by running away from rampaging hooligans, ignoring organised gangs of child abusers, or allowing the open sale and use of drugs. These are political decisions made by senior officers, but who exactly is responsible?

Laws are made by Parliament. It's the duty of the police to enforce laws not to question them. It might be politically expedient to turn a blind eye to lawbreaking but that is not what we pay them for. If we are to be governed by the police we might as well abolish Parliament.

(Originally posted on Facebook in June 2020)

William's Choice

I received the following e-mail.

Dear Sir,
I am a young Nationalist patriot who is deeply concerned about the state of Britain and the white race. I have looked at several nationalist organisations, however, they either seem to be full of Hitler worshipping freaks and misfits, or watery populists who have given up on any attempt to save our country from Multiracialism, instead promoting some kind of ersatz anti-Islam, non-racial "patriotism". However, I have recently come across your blog and have found it a refreshing change from the standard nationalist groups.

My ideology is basically racial nationalism combined with a socialist economic policy (though not National Socialism). I do not believe in racial superiority, rather racial difference which must be defended from race mixing. I also do not believe in any conspiracy theories trying to implicate Jews for the decline of the White race or some kind of "World Conspiracy". I am interested in your support for Mosley's "Europe a Nation". Whilst I supported Brexit and am opposed to the current European Union, I am not against close co-operation with our White European neighbours. Unlike some so-called "nationalists", I do not have anything against white immigrants to Britain, as they differ only in nationality, in terms of race they are our kinfolk.

Is Nation Revisited confined to a blog for the time being, or will you be engaging in any political activity in the future? I would be interested in learning more about your organisation. Yours faithfully William.

I replied that at 75 years of age I would not be starting a new party and advised him to join an existing one. But how could I recommend any of them? Britain First has attracted publicity but for all the wrong reasons. They specialise in bigotry, threatening behaviour, and coming last at elections. Now their leader, Paul Golding, is accused of beating his former deputy Jayda Fransen. She has now fled Britain First to form her own party. 

The so-called far-right has had its share of thugs and psychopaths over the years. All of them were convinced that they should be running the country, but none of them succeeded and their dictatorial ambitions were never realised.

From British Nationalist to National Socialist - Eddy Morrison

I only met Eddy Morrison once at a New Right meeting in London about five years ago, but I exchanged e-mails with him for years. Eddy was one of the few nationalists who could see beyond the White Cliffs of Dover. His political career was chaotic but his heart was in the right place. He was criticised by many but I liked him and I admired his staying power. The following article was written by him in 2002.

In 1967 I joined the National Front, then recently formed, and started to learn about British Nationalism This meant to me, Britain First and being proud of British heritage and our now dead Empire, now replaced by a multi-racial Commonwealth which is just a bad joke. 

Amongst the literature given to me when I started out on my over three decades activism in the White Nationalist Movement (by this I mean the White Nationalist groups in the UK) was a collection from the then NF Leeds leader, Phil Stone. Phil, unfortunately, is no longer with us, after many years of failing health he died in Tenerife a few years ago.

However, Phil had been a member of the first BNP (led by John Bean) and was also friendly with many of Colin Jordan's National Socialist Movement comrades. Amongst the wealth of material (much of it now lost or "borrowed") was a stack of National Socialist material from the National So cialist White Peoples' Party (formerly the American Nazi Party), and at that time led by George Lincoln Rockwell.

Rockwell was murdered by a former ANP member and National Bolshevik on August 25th 1967 and so I missed any opportunity of ever meeting him. But his magazines and articles - especially Stormtrooper, the Rockwell Report and more particularly National Socialist World - gave me pause to reflect that perhaps British Nationalism, confined by fake international barriers, did not fulfill my long tern philosophical needs. My ideological development into a National Socialist and a radical rather than the pale flag waving Populists I had been, took a few years. During that time I was speaking at many meetings on a regular basis and involved in mostly NF activities about five time a week - but cooking slowly in the back of my mind were Rockwell's and Hitler's teachings - for by that time I had read and absorbed "Mein Kampf" too,

The NF, riven as it was by Populist splits, was still controlled by ex-National Socialist Movement / Greater Britain Movement members for when the GBM united with the NF in 1968, John Tyndall, Martin Webster, Denis Pirie, Dave Pascoe and many other highly energetic National Socialists entered the Front. Through their deeper commitment to an ideology far stronger than mere "plastic patriotism" of the rightist Tory variety, they taught me more of the creed of Blood and Soil and how the battle was a worldwide one.

I was happy though to go along with the general opinion and hide my newly found National Socialism under a welter of patriotic jingoism because that was what the Front wanted and I felt happy that the NF was in safe NS hands under Tyndall.

However, I did try a number of other experiments with much more "direct action" groups - leaving the NF for short periods for the more openly NS British Freedom Movement. I also formed a couple of groups in Leeds - The National Democratic Freedom Movement and the second incarnation of the British National Party. Our direct confrontational tactics against the Marxist scum brought the massive publicity both locally and nationally which Rockwell said it would. It also brought many of us arrests, fines and imprisonment - again as Rockwell had predicted. We felt a sense of martyrdom and sacrifice and attracted so many new young fighting recruits that we soon dwarfed the local NF, which by that time had fallen under the spell of John Kingsley Read's populist faction. "Nazis" weren't welcome any more!

However, in 1976, when Tyndall and Webster took the NF back over and Read formed his short-lived National Party, I felt comfortable dissolving the BNP and merging its 500 or so members back into the NF. The influx of so many National Socialists made for a situation in West Yorkshire where it was a very unhealthy place for a Red to sell papers or hold a meeting. We swept the Reds from the streets and did not let one Commie or anti-fascist meeting go unchallenged. We also for the first time advertised our own PUBLIC meetings and challenged the Reds to come along. The result - more arrests, more jail but masses of publicity including a "World in Action" TV special.

These were the tactics I successfully employed much later for the BNP (before it became sanitised) in Darlington and the following week in Dewsbury - which again made world headlines (1989).

Since then I have made strenuous efforts to streamline the NF that proved fruitless; though I still personally support the NF as the most future effective movement in Britain. I decided I was fed up with hiding my National Socialism (a hopeless and unrewarding task) and formed Aryan Unity - an idea rather than an organisation dedicated to WORLDWIDE National Socialist Unity and Pan-Aryanism.

I define Pan-Aryanism as accepting our worldview that the Aryan folk, spearheaded by Aryan/NS freedom fighters throughout the White world is now our only hope.

So today I can say quite proudly that I am a National Socialist and the days of being a "little Englander" are far behind. I recognise that our ultimate enemy - the coming New World Order in all its various guises and with its tentacles squeezing the lifeblood from our people throughout the world as well as strangling free speech, can only be fought against by an Aryan worldwide effort. I hope that Aryan Unity can play its part in that eternal struggle.

For National Socialists the Second World War did not end in May 1945 - it was just one lost battle amongst many - the struggle for the existence of our people and the preservation of our culture and heritage continues. 


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European Outlook

All articles are by Bill Baillie unless otherwise stated. The opinions of guest writers are entirely their own. We seek reform by legal means according to the UN Declaration of Human Rights, Article 19:

"We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people."

This blog will appear occasionally in support of Nation Revisited which is posted monthly.






Tuesday, 30 June 2020

European Outlook # 61 July 2020

A Broad Church

As a post-fascist European nationalist I am used to being misunderstood. I accept that Britain is no longer a white country, and I would like to see an end non-European immigration, but I am not hostile to black and brown people, and whilst I am anti-Zionist, I don't hate the Jews.

I believe in a united Europe with a strong central government for defence and the economy, and state governments for everything else; the same model as the United States. The basis of my Europe is the EU plus the EFTA states. I don't exclude Russia and the old White Dominions in a future European bloc but we must walk before we can run.

editor of an Internet blog can't know all of his readers. The host company records visits but unless people write to you, under their own names, you never know who your friends are. I am genuinely surprised at how many former Brexiteers are changing their minds. Perhaps they are reconsidering their views in the light of the pandemic? 

I know from correspondence that my blogs attract a broad church. Some of them are fully paid-up little Englanders who think that 'Wogs begin at Calais'. I have known some of them for fifty years and we will never agree about Europe. Some are unrepentant National Socialists who deny the Holocaust, and others are National Front types who think that Zionist propaganda is a bit far-fetched. I like to think that the majority of my readers are a cut above from the 'Daily Mail'.

'Nation Revisited' and 'European Outlook' have readers all over the world, particularly in the United States. We are of many nations but we share a common ancestry and culture that reaches back to Greece and Rome. 

Please keep your comments coming. I'm either a degenerate liberal who has sold out to the Jews, or a Nazi thug who dreams of mass murder, but I won't know unless you tell me.

The Time is Right

Sometimes events come together at just the right time. The RAF and the Luftwaffe were evenly matched in 1940 but we had marginally better aircraft, we had the home advantage, and we were better organised. Before the Battle of Britain a German invasion seemed inevitable and our defeat was a distinct possibility, but as soon as we won the battle our eventual victory was certain.

he Scottish referendum on independence almost succeeded because the Scots were unhappy after six years of austerity and oil was trading at $100 per barrel. Today the mood has changed and the price of oil has collapsed. The moment has passed and it may not come again.

And it's the same with Brexit, the brilliantly run Leave campaign came to a head at just the right moment. But as we sink into the mire of post-pandemic recession, few of us believe that our economy can survive the double whammy of Brexit and coronavirus.

ationalist opinion is still firmly separatist but as the economy crashes doubts are emerging. The time may be right for a major rethink on Europe. Peter Rushton thinks that the post-Brexit Union Jack is only at half-mast, and Ian Freeman finds common cause with the late Ted Budden, who was one of the first nationalists to change his mind. Other writers such as Michael McLaughlin (pictured) and Richard Edmunds are still in the Brexit camp but they have always been Europeans at heart.

Winston Churchill's Speech to Zurich University 1946

Winston Churchill was a member of parliament from 1902 to 1964. In that time he had much to say and he is still quoted today. He is admired by many as a great war leader and reviled by others as a warmonger. He was a cash-strapped aristocrat who befriended the Jews, but that doesn't make him a bad person. Recently released cabinet papers show that he raised the subject of West Indian immigration in 1954:

"Problems will arise if many coloured people settle here. Are we to saddle ourselves with coloured problems in the UK? Attracted by Welfare State. Public opinion in UK won't tolerate it if it gets beyond certain limits."

But he was replaced as prime minister a year later by Anthony Eden who was only interested in foreign policy.
Winston Churchill was an imperialist who recognised that European unity was inevitable. He was a complex man who made his mark on history. 

This noble continent, comprising on the whole the fairest and most cultivated regions of the earth; enjoying a remporate and equable climate, is the home of all the great  parent races of the western world. It is the fountain of Christian faith and Christian ethics. It is the origin of most of the cukture, arts, philosophy and science both of ancient and modern times.

If Europe were once united in the sharing of its common inheritance, there would be no limit to the happiness, to the prosperity and glory which its three or four hundred million people would enjoy. Yet it is from Europe that has sprung that series of frightful nationalistic quarrels, originated by the Tuetonic nations, which we have seen even in this twentieth century and in our own lifetime, wreck the peace and mar the prospects of mankind.

And what is this plight to which Europe has been reduced?

Some of the smaller states have indeed made a good recovery, but over wide areas a vast quiveribg mass of tormented, hungry, care-worn and bewildered human beings gape at the ruins of their cities and homes and scan the dark horizons to the approach of some new peril, tyranny or terror.

Among the victors there is a babble of jarring voices; among the vanquished the sullen silence of despair.

That is all that Europeans, grouped in so many ancient States and nations, that is all that the Germanic Powers have got by tearing each other to pieces and spreading havoc far and wide.

Indeed, but for the fact that the great Republic across the Atlantic Ocean has at length realsied that the ruin or enslavement of Europe would involve their own fate as well, and has stretched out hands of succour and guidance, the Dark Ages would have returned in all their cruelty and squallor.

They may still return.

Yet all the while there is a remedy which if it were generally and spontaneously adopted, would as if by a miracle transform the whole scene, and would in a few years make all Europe, or the greater part of it, as free and as happy as Switzerland is today.

What is the sovereign remedy?

It is to re-create the European family, or as much as we can, and provide it with a structure under which it can dwell in peace, in safety and in freedom.

We must build a kind of United States of Europe.

In this way only will hundreds of millions of toilers will be able to regain the simple joys and hopes which make life worth living.

The process is simple.

All that is needed is the resolve of hundreds of millions of men and women to do right instead of wrong, and gain as their reward, blessings instead of cursing.

Much work has been done upon this task  by the exertions of the Pan-European Union which owes so much to Count Coudenhove- Kalergi and which commanded the services of the great French patriot and statesman Aristide Briand.

There is also that immense body of doctrine  and procedure, which was brought into being amid high hopes after the First World War, as the League of Nations.

The League of Nations did not fail because of its principles or conceptions, it failed because these principles were deserted by those States who had brought it into being. It failed bacause the Governments of those days feared to face the facts and act while time remained. This disaster must not be repeated. There is, therefore, much knowledge and material with which to build; and also bitter dear-bought experience.

I was very glad to read in the newspapers two days ago that my friend President Truman had expressed his interest and symnpathy with this great design.

There is no reason why a regional organisation of Europe should in any way conflict  with the world organisation of the United Nations. On the contrary, I believe that the larger synthesis will only survive if it is founded upon coherent national groupings.

There is already a natural grouping in the Western Hemisphere. We British have our own Commonwealth of Nations. Those do not weaken, on the contrary they strengthen , the world organisation . They are in fact its main support.

And why should there not be a European group which could give a sense of enlatged patriotism and common citizenship  to the distracted peoples of this nturbulent and mighty continent and why should it not take its rightful place with other great groupings in shaping the destinies of men?

In order that this should be accomplished there must be an act of faith in which nillions of families speaking many languages must concciously take part.

We all know that the two world wars through which we have passed arose out of the vain passion of a newly united Germany to play the dominating part in the world.

In this last struggle crimes and massacres have been committed for which there is no parallel since the invasions of the Mongols in the fourteenth century and no equal at any time in history.

The guilty must be punished. Germany must be deprived of the powers to rearm and make another aggresive war.

But when all this has been done, as it will be done, as it is being done, there must be an end to retribution, There must be what Mr Gladstone made many years ago called 'a blessed  act of oblivion.'

We must turn our backs upon the horrors of the past. We must look to the future. We cannot afford to drag forward across the years that are to come the hatreds and revenges which have sprung from the injuries of the past.

If Europe is to be saved from infinite misery, and indeed from final doom, there must be an act of faith in the European family and an act of oblivion against all the crimes and follies of the past.

Can the free peoples of Europe rise to the height of these resolves of the soul and instincts of the spirit of man?

If the can, the wrongs and injuries which have been inflicted will have been washed away on all sides by the miseries which have been endured.

Is there any need for further floods of agaony?

Is it the only lesson of history that mankind is unteachable?

Let there be justive, mercy and freedom.

The peoples have only to will it, and all will achieve their heart's desire,

I am now going to say something that will astonish you.

The first step in the re-creation of the European family must be a partnership between France and Gerrmany.

In this way only can France recover the moral leadership of Europe.

There can be no revival of Europe without a spiritually great France and a spiritually great germany.

The structure of the United States of Europe, if well and truly built, will be such as to make the material strength of a single state less important. Small nations will count as much as large ones and gain their honour by their contribution to the common cause.

The ancient states and principalities of Germany freely joined together for mutual convenience in a federal system might each take their individual place among the United States of Europe. I shall not try to make a detailed programme for hundreds of millions of people who want to be happy and free, and properous and safe, who wish to enjoy the four freedoms of which the great President Roosevelt spoke, and live in acordance with the principles embodied in the Atlantic Charter. If this is their wish into full fruition.

But I must give you a warning. Time may be short.

At present there is a breathing-space. The cannon have ceased firing. The fighting has stopped; but the dangers have not stopped.

If we are to form the United States of Europe or whatever name or form it may take, we must begin now.

In these present days we dwell strangely and precariously under the shield and protection of the atomic bomb. The atomic bomb is still only in the hands of a State and nation which we know will never use it except in the cause of right and freedom. But it may well be that in a few years this awful agency of destruction will be widespread and the catastrophe following from its use by several warring nations will not only bring to an end all that we call civilisation, but may possibly disintegrate the globe itself.

I must now sum up the propositions which are before you.

Ourt constant aim must be to build and fortify the strength of the United Nations Organisation.

Under and within that world concept, we must re-create the Europoean family in a regional structure called, it may be, the United States of Europe.

The fist step is to form a Council Of Europe.

If at first all the States of Europe are not willing or able to join the Union, we must nevertheless proceed to assemble and combine those who will and those who can.

The salvation of the common people of every race and of every land from wat or servitude must be established on solid foundations and must be guarded by the readiness of all men and women to die rather than submit to tyranny.

In all this urgent work, France and Germany must take the lead together.

Great Britain, the British Commonwealth of Nations, mighty America, and I trust Soviet Russia - for then indeed all would be well - must be the friends and sponsors of the new Europe and must champion the right to live and shine. 

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Please use the facility at the end of this blog to leave your comments and see what others have to say. But don't post ad hominem attacks, we are interested in ideas not personalities.

European Outlook

All articles are by Bill Baillie unless otherwise stated. The opinions of guest writers are entirely their own. We seek reform by legal means according to the UN Declaration of Human Rights, Article 19:

"We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people."

This blog appears occasionally in support of Nation Revisited which is posted monthly.



Sunday, 31 May 2020

European Outlook # 60 June 2020

The Money Power

Banks are the most obvious manifestation of the Money Power. They lend money by counting outstanding loans as assets, a practice known as fractional reserve banking. The Industrial and Commercial Bank of China has got it right with assets of $4,027.44 billion, but Lehman Brothers got it wrong and went bust in 2008.

Banks charge interest on loans to cover debts and overheads, and for managing accounts, salaries, pensions, mortgages, and savings. Interest rates are regulated by the Bank of England and subject to competition. 

Financial reforms have been proposed over the years, notably Social Credit by CH Douglas, but fractional banking is firmly established all over the world.

It's a myth that the Nazis and the Soviets used the barter system. Trade between them started with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in August 1939, but Germany invaded Russia in June 1941, less than two years later. They couldn't have done much business in that short time. Both regimes ran conventional economies based on gold, foreign currency reserves, bond sales, and borrowing, Hjalmar Schacht (pictured) the German Finance Minister was a Rothschild-trained personal friend of Sir Montague Norman, the Governor of the Bank of England.

In 1918 the provisional Soviet government nationalised the banks and repudiated all Tsarist debts, but they continued to trade with the West and issue interest bearing bonds. By the end of WW2 the Soviet Union owed the United States $1.3 billion. This debt was cleared by the Russian Federation in 1993. They had no trouble paying it because the Bank of Russia is the world's sixth largest holder of gold with 1,615 tonnes.

A consortium of Wall Street bankers led by Paul Warburg financed both Hitler and Stalin, not because they were sympathetic to them but because they had good credit ratings. Germany was an industrial giant and the Soviet Union had vast reserves of raw materials.

The banks are only part of the Money Power. The oil companies, the Internet giants, and investment funds such as Berkshire Hathaway, Ping An Insurance Group, Allianz, and Axa are very powerful, and so are individuals such as George Soros, and Bill Gates. But the biggest player is the United States government which uses sanctions to enforce its foreign policy. The Money Power has taken over the world but we are entering unchartered waters in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic and who knows what the future holds? 

Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch by Rabbi Meyer Schiller
Originally published by the Third Way Think Tank

Scholar, Patriot, and Servant of God

The extraordinary decline of European civilisation over the past century is a subject much commented on  by assorted historians and social analysts. A wide range of theories have been advanced for this downward spiral, Socio-historical reflection, however, is never relevant to academics. For the vast majority of contemporary Europeans the decadence enveloping us is demonstably manifest throughout our lives in hubdreds of ways large and small - in the ebbing of respect for elders, teachers, police and all authority figures, in a lack of dignity for dress, speech, courtesy and in respect for social norms and communal rituals ranging from military discipline to sportsmanship (both on and off the playing field). We note the passing of both the 'soft' and 'hard' virtues of our way of life: of romance, poetry, song, village life, and the rural rhythm; and of courage, honour, loyalty and unyeilding effort. It is to the restoration of those virtues we have lost and are in danger of losing that the Third Way is dedicated, indeed we are a Movement that sees the flowering of the innermost spirit of all mpeoples throughout the world as the only means to achieve true respect and peace amongst mankind,

Samson Raphael Hirsch

Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch (1808-1888) of Germany was an Orthodox Rabbi whose life was devoted not only to the preservation of traditional Judaism, but also to the material and spiritual well-being of all Germans. His teachings are especially relevant to our troubled age,

Born in Hamburg, he completed his Rabbinical studies under the great Talmudist Rabbi Jacob Ettinger in Manheim. Whike pursuing his religious disciplines ha also concluded his formal secular education at the University of Bonn. In 1830 at the remarkably young age of 22 he was appointed the Chief Rabbi of Oldenburg. It was there that his first book Nineteen Letters on Judaism was published. This work, written as a series of letters from a learned Rabbi to a confused young student, is essentially a presentation of basic Judaism and a sharp critique of the then nascent Reform movement. This was the beginning of Rabbi Hirsch's lifelong struggle against any and all attempts to change what he termed "Torah-true" Judaism. His position was uncompromisingly Orthodox, and viwed the basics of the Jewish faith as od Divine origin. There could be no "reform" of the word of God.


In 1838 the Horeb: Essays on Israel's Duties in the Diaspora was published. This was a legal-philisophical presentation of the basic laws of Judaism. Ever mindful of his task as leading polemicist against the Reformers, Rabbi Hirsch also issued in that same year First Communications a powerful attack on those seeking to establish a new Wissenschaft Des Judentums (Science of Judaism) designed to abandon basic beliefs and practices of the ancient faith by means of modern exegesis of its primary sources.

Subsequently the Rabbi served as the Land Rabbiner of Hanoverian Districts as well as Chief Rabbi of Morovia. In August of 1851 he accepted the position for which he is well known, that of Rabbi of the Orthodox Community of Frankfort Am Main. He held that position for 37 years until his death.

In Frankfort his prodigious literary output continued. In 1854 he launched Jeschuvin: a Monthly for the Inculcation of the Spirit of Judaism in Home, School and Community and served until 1870 as its editor. A multi-volume commentary on the Pentayeuch was issued by Rabbi Hirsch in 1867. This work generally issued in eight volumes, was finally concluded in 1878. Within four years the Rabbi's lengthy commentary on the Psalms was piublished and posthumurously his "study of prayer" book. Years later Rabbi Hirsch's Collected Writings including letters, essays, sermons, speeches etc, were offered to the public. This ran to six volumes, but such a hefty literary project did not prevent the Rabbi in involving himself in all manner of public controversy as well as attending to his normal clergy activities. Peerhaps the crowning communal achievement of his career was secured in 1876 when the Prussian Parliament passed the Law of Succession. This legislation allowed all Orthodox congregations in Germany to sever their ties with Reform Temples and the central Jewish communal structure, To Rabbi Hirsch this was the most important matter, as he saw inherent in communal linkage with the Reformers implicit recognition of their legitimacy as an alternative form of Judaism, There was, he taught, only one Judaism forever "Torah-true" and the Reform movement was sheerest heresy and apostasy.

The Legacy

Rabbi Hirsch passed away in 1888. His son-in-law Rabbi  Solomon Breuer succeeded him as the spiritual leader of Kehal Adas Jeschuran in Frankfort, The Hirschian Kehilla (community) continued to grow and flourish , spreading the message of fervent Orthodoxy, good citizenship and (as we shall now see) uncompromising patriotism until the 1930s. It was then thaty the NSDAP (Nazi) Government turned on this pious, loyal community closing its schools, shutting down its journals and brutalising its members, Fortunately, after the war some of Frankforts surviving Orthodox Jews went to America and there in the Washington Heights section of New York they have re-established their way of life. They have also published most of Rabbi Hirsch's writings in English translation, thus spreading his unique message to a different place and time, This is certainly a factor that bodes well for the future.

Judaism and Good Citizenship

One of the areas of Jewish teaching with which Rabbi Hirsch was most concerned was that governing interaction between Jews and Non-Jews. One of the finest introductions to his presentation of traditional Jewish teachings on this matter may be found in his essay The Talmud and its Teachings on Social Virtues, Civic Duties and Commercial Integrity published as a pamphlet in 1884. This article owed its appearance to the intention of the Tsarist government in Russia to forbis the printing of the Talmud. At the advice of a German prince who had close connections to the Tsar, Rabbi Hirsch wrote the essay which was sent to Russia. Its contents persuaded the Tsar not to enact the decree in question. An abridged English translation of the piece may be found in Judaism Eternal: Selected Essays From the Writings of Rabbi Solomon Raphael Hirsch (Soncino Press, London 1967. pp 155-186).

The Essays is divided into several sections which present Talmudic attirudes on "Honesty", "Ways of Earning a Livelyhood", "The Attitude of the Jew to his Governments and Fellow Citizens", "Formations of Character", "The Family", and "The Community". Even a superficial reading of any of the above sections would suffice the usuak anti-Semitic canards about the Talmud. On honesty for example he writes: "The Talmud teaches us that when a man appears hereafter before God the first question he will be asked is 'were you honest and straightforward in your business dealings?'...It is forbidden to cheat any man, Jew or Non-Jew, in buying or selling, or to deceive him, or to leave undisclosed any defect in the article offered for sale, The goods must not be made to look different from what they are, nor may their value be diminished by adulteration." (ibid.pp 160-161)

The above would seem to be extremely relevant  in our capitalistic age. In fact, Distributists of the Chesterton-Belloc school of adherents of Morris, Cobbett, Jeffries and their followers might find Rabbi Hirsch to their liking, as he writes: "... for any sign of moral progress the regular employment demanded by agriculture is of great service; in fact the entire Jewish religious legislation places agriculture in the forefront and all the Jewish festivals are connected with in the fields. The Jewish idea of national well-being was that every man should have his own 'fig tree and vine'... If Jews in later periods in Europe abandoned agriculture and turned largely to trade, the fault is not that of the Talmud...It is the fault of the States and peoples who would not let Jews acquire land which they could work. If Jews were given the right and opportunity to own a piece of land and to work it, they would soon return to their original occupation of tilling the land and earning their living in agriculture." (ibid. p 167)


The above is a small sampling of Rabbi Hirsch's writings on the make-up of an honest Jewish citizen. Yet he goes beyond mere integrity when he tells us that: "the Talmud pledges the Jew to be loyal to the country of which he is a citizen, to love it as his fatherland and to promote its welfare," (ibid.p 168)

Or, to quote from Horeb: "God demands that every Jew finds his well-being only in that of his country...(to) salute the soil which gave him birth...and whose weal and woe Israel has not shared for thousands of years... in whichever land Jews shall live as citizens...they bshall honour and love the princes and government as their own, contribute with every possible power to their good." (p.400)

In fact, in The Nineteen Letters he declares that Jews are to see themselves as an integral part of the nation in which they dwell: "It is our duty to join ourselves as closely as possible to the state which recieves us into its midst, to promote its welfare and not to consider our own well-being as in any way separate from that of the state to which we belong." (p,107)

It was not to be a cold patriotism devoid of feeling. According to Rabbi Hirsch, Jews were to "with heartfelt and genuine the soil upon which their cradles have been rocked, on which they had greeted the first laughter of their children...with deep and strong love (cling) to the land of your birth." (Judaism Eternal Vol 1. p 129)

The Future

The horrors unleashed upon the Jews of Europe by German 'Nationalists' in the name of race and country have considerably dampened Jewish enthusiasm for the Hirschian agenda. For many Jews the only alternatives are political Zionism or support of cosmopolitan contractual government(or, as contradictory as it may seem, some combination of the two. Both consciously and subconsciously Jews have come to associate a heightened sense of religious, cultural, ethnic and national identity among Non-Jews with a threat to their well-being.

It is at this point that the teachings of Rabbi  Hirsch and those of the Third Way can coalesce to provide a way out of the current impasse. The Rabbi exhorted Jews to be nationalists, patriots in the finest sense of the term, and the Third Way is a movement dedicated to the presevation of peoples, nations, regions and localities. It has also taken a firm stand against any form of racial or religious hatred and, truth to be told, has already done battle against these forces in society.

For Jews and Non-Jews who feel increasingly alienated by those societal trends we described at this article's inception, the Third Way would seem to offer a means to preserve our way of life without falling prey to bigotry, violence and fanaticism. The hour is not yet too late, but the battle must soon be joined if our way of life is to be preserved.

Is it Too Much to Ask?

In an increasingly technological age it's absolutely essential to get a good education that will lead to a decent job with a pension. Education should be free to students and more of them should go to university. When a young couple start out in life they should be able to get social housing, or an affordable mortgage. All health care, including dentists, opticians, nurseries and care homes should be free at the point of use. And the state pension should be available to any worker at the age of sixty-five. Is that too much to ask?

In an effort to rescue the economy after the coronavirus pandemic, the government is borrowing and spending billions of pounds that will have to be repaid by the taxpayers. Plans that are in the pipeline will probably be scrapped, and the retirement age is likely to be further extended. Far from bringing in the reforms that are needed, the government will be looking for things to cut.

This is where we need to think seriously about what sort of country we want to live in. One of our major expenses is defence. If we stay close to Europe we can maintain our armed forces at their present level by being part of NATO, or whatever military alliance emerges. But if we go it alone, as the Brexiteers would have it, we shall have to count the cost of two giant aircraft carriers that lack the planes and support ships that they need. We would also have to do something about the massive cost of our nuclear submarine fleet with its American-made missiles. In fact, we should have to recognise that we are not a world power and learn to be modern European state.

We can't be a welfare state with civilised public services while pretending to be a great empire on which the sun never sets. We can't provide the housing that has been promised, or upgrade our railways and National Health Service if we are trying to compete militarily with the USA and Russia. 

It will be hard for those of an imperial mindset to adjust to reality, but it can be done. It doesn't bother the Germans that they are not a nuclear power. And it's unlikely that the Scandinavian states would swap their advanced societies for a blue water navy.

When this awful virus has gone away and we rebuild our economy, we must consider our place in the world and invest in a caring society instead of arming ourselves with weapons that we will never use. 


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European Outlook

All articles are by Bill Baillie unless otherwise stated. The opinions of guest writers are entirely their own. We seek reform by legal means according to the UN Declaration of Human Rights, Article 19:

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